“We know that a peaceful world cannot long exist, one-third rich and two-thirds hungry.” – Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States
We are living in the 21st century. We all are getting enough to survive on this planet. We have a shelter to live in, clothes to wear, and food to eat. This means we have access to the basic necessities of life. But while we are at our home sleeping beneath a warm blanket with sufficient food, around 690 million people are going to sleep without getting food. And this number is still rising. Let’s take an analysis of World Hunger and try to find out the potential solutions to fight world hunger?
What Is World Hunger?
Hunger refers to the uncomfortable physical feeling caused by not consuming food to meet the basic nutritional needs of the body. World Hunger refers to the hunger aggregated to the global level. World Hunger is not a recent problem but it kept on rising.
According to a report by the United Nations, more than 25,000 people are dying every day. Above that, the coronavirus pandemic has made it worse. According to Bloomberg, around 12000 people dying from hunger are linked with the coronavirus in one way or another. These numbers of deaths are so devasting that It’s hard to swallow that people are dying just because they are not getting enough survival food.
Even now, the people of Madagascar are suffering from a big humanitarian crisis. The people of Madagascar are forced to eat sand for their survival.
But what causes world hunger? Why people around the world are dying from hunger? Before getting into the roots of world hunger. let’s take a look at some facts and statistics related to world hunger.
Facts And Statistics Of World Hunger
1- Around 9 million people die every year because of hunger. And according to the UN, around 840 million people suffer from hunger by 2030.
2- 99% of the world’s undernourished people live in developing countries.
3- 2018, nine out of ten of all stunted children in the world are from Asia and Africa.
4- Around 22% of the population of Sub-Saharan Africa are suffering from undernourishment which is the highest in the world.
5- Earth has enough resources to produce food for more than 9 billion people whereas the current earth’s population is 7.7 billion.
Reasons For World Hunger
Climate change is real and it’s time to accept it. Climate change is not only affecting the climate but it is also one of the root cause for many major problems that humanity is currently facing.
Due to climate change, there is a sudden change in the rainfall patterns which results in unpredictable rainfall and droughts. Droughts and sudden rainfall eventually result in the failure of crops, deaths of livestock, and dried farmlands. These natural disasters are creating food shortages around the world. Hence, due to these natural disasters, the poor are left with no other choice than dying by hunger.
“The earth has enough resources to sustain 9 billion people”. But if it is true then why is there so much shortage of food? This is because around 40% of the produced food serves as fodder for livestock animals. Livestock farming also contributes to climate change. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO), livestock farming is responsible for 14.5% of total greenhouse gas(GHG) emissions. But keeping this aside, the thing we have to stress here why is there a need to raise livestock? The world is already suffering from a food shortage and raising livestock for food, fashion, the fabric is like pouring oil to fire.
The improper management of food is also a cause of world hunger. Up to one-third of the food produced around the world is never consumed. Food wastage is not only creating a shortage of food but is also emitting greenhouse gases into the environment. 8% of greenhouse gases heating the planet are caused by food waste.
Some of the factors responsible for food losses include inefficient farming techniques, lack of post-harvest storage and management resources, and broken or inefficient supply chains.
Poverty is the main cause of world hunger. If we go into the statistics, we will find a great difference in hunger between developing and developed nations. Only 2% of the UK population is suffering from hunger whereas this percentage is 22% for the sub-Saharan countries. Across the globe, more than 780 million people live below the poverty line. This means 11% of the world population are surviving with $1.90 or less per day, which makes it more difficult for these people to get access to food.
How-to Solve world hunger?
Reduce Food Wastage
Reducing food wastage not only solve the problem of shortage of food but as well also reduce the climate impact of food wastage. Eliminating global food waste will save about 4.4 million tonnes of C02 every year. Approximately food worth $1 Trillion is wasted or lost every year. If we don’t waste our food, this amount can preserve enough food to feed 2 billion people.
Access To Money
If we want to eliminate world hunger, we have to eliminate poverty first. If we manage to remove the poverty we can reduce world hunger in many aspects. To do this, we have to empower the developing counties. Empowering the people of developing countries, the people will then have access to their change financial situations as well they will gain access to the food and food providers.
Among the main causes of world hunger is the focus on the production of animal-based foods. According to many studies, a vegan lifestyle can reduce world hunger to a greater extent. A vegan lifestyle can also reduce greenhouse gas emissions and ensure the food for the majority of the world population.
Opting for a vegan lifestyle can solve many problems in the world. So, if you want to solve the world hunger problem, optting for a vegan lifestyle is the best choice you can make individually.
This is the most simple and effective initiative an individual can take to reduce world hunger. But in the longer term, food donations are not as effective as it should be. But in short term, we can provide food for needy ones around us. These small initiatives also solve the food wastage problem. If we don’t waste food and give it to someone needy. We will reduce the big problem of food wastage around the world.
The world is in a global crisis of hunger. UN has already projected 840 million people will lose access to the food. If we don’t act now we have to act later but with a regret.Earth’s population is already exploding. We have to take initiative from our side to take care of the resources we are utilizing. The time has come when we have to start looking for actions against world hunger. Till the scientists come up with solutions, what should be done is self-evident. We have to act now. Or we will leave millions of people to die of hunger.