Marijuana! Yes, today we are going to discuss the controversial topic of marijuana. As we know many countries are legalizing marijuana for medical purposes but there is still debate going on whether it is safe to use marijuana. Let’s learn more about it and question whether it is a good drug or a bad drug. But keep in mind anything used excessively could be harmful.



What Is Marijuana?


Marijuana is a psychoactive drug that is known for its medical and recreational purposes. It is a green, grey or brown dried and shredded parts of the marijuana plant.

Cannabis sativa is the scientific name of marijuana. There are many other names like weed, pot, grass, ganja, and the list goes on.

How Marijuana Is Consumed?


There are various methods by which marijuana could be consumed. Let’s look into the following ways:

  • By smoking cigarette which is known as joints
  • By mixing in the food and eating it
  • Brewing marijuana as a tea
  • Inhaling the vapors of marijuana by an electric cigarette. It is known as vaping.
  • Smoking marijuana’s plant oil. It is known as dabbing.


marijuana smoking

India’s History With Marijuana 

Marijuana is used in India from the early times since 2000 BCE. It is mentioned in early texts of India. In Vedas, it is mentioned as one of the five sacred plants that relieve anxiety and bring happiness and joy.

Stories of Lord Shiva is famous as he is known for his fondness for bhang. During the festival of Holi and Mahashivratri, many people consume bhang in the form of bhang (a mixture of buds, leaves, and flowers of cannabis)lassi and bhang thandai. It is said Sikh leader Guru Gobind Singh used cannabis as a war antidote or tonic.

It was grown and consumed in large amounts locally before the British came to India. When the Portuguese and British came to India they witnessed a large amount of cannabis consumption.

In the the1890s, the British started researching the cultivation, consumption, and cultural significance of cannabis. Later, they started heavily taxing the Cannabis by saying they are shielding Indians from the harmful effects of it. On the other hand, they were in profit by increasing taxes.


In 1985, the Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Act was introduced. After the Rajiv Gandhi government, it was passed under the pressure of the United States of America. This act criminalized the possession, sale, and consumption of cannabis buds. But the consumption of Bhang, which is the seeds and leaves of the cannabis plant was allowed.

Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized? 

Medical Purposes

Many countries have legalized marijuana for medical purposes. On the prescription of the doctor, the patient can use it for treatment purposes. It reduces anxiety and can slow the process of Alzheimer’s disease.


Reduce The Unemployment Rate

If cannabis is legalized it will create job opportunities for people in India. Farmers will grow and then sell it for medical and recreational purposes. 

Taxing Marijuana Can Increase Revenue for the Government

In an open letter to US President George Bush, around 500 economists, led by Nobel Prize winner Milton Friedman, called for marijuana to be “legal but taxed and regulated like other goods”. It can generate income for the government by legalizing it.

Marijuana Is Not Fatal

Marijuana’s overdose is not fatal, unlike other drugs. Everything is good in moderation. Just because it is not fatal you consume it on the large scale is not right. It can severely affect your memory and cognitive functions.

Marijuana Is Less Dangerous Than Alcohol and Tobacco

Your health is at stake so that the government can earn from it. Alcohol and tobacco are injurious to health but the government earns income from this. They earn 30000 crores in tax minimum every year. On the other hand, marijuana cures many diseases at an affordable price.

Cures Cancer

Yes! You read right. People smoke tobacco which causes cancer whereas marijuana cures it. The National Cancer Institute of America has admitted it.

Good Quality of Marijuana Will Be Sold

When it is illegal drug dealers mix different drugs to improve the taste. Once it will be legal pure material will be provided as it will be managed by the government.


Why Marijuana Should Not Be Legalized?

Medical Marijuana Misuse

People can have cannabis when it is prescribed by their physician as any other medication. But the procedure of approval, prescription, and is available for the public is different in the case of marijuana in comparison to other drugs. Many people and physicians are unaware of it which can pose problems in the future.

Side effects are

  • Hallucinations
  • Increase in heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Red eyes


Quantity of Marijuana

The quality of marijuana can differ. The plant may be contaminated with fungus or mold. In countries where it is legalized, it is observed dispensaries experiments with marijuana by breeding out different cannabinoids to increase the potency of THC, it can result in unanticipated negative effects for the individual who smoke this.


Growing Marijuana by Themselves

Marijuana is consumed in different ways. People growing it themselves can pose a serious problem for the government. It can invite drug diversion. People could sell it at lower rates than pharmacies.

The Myth About Marijuana About Not Being Addictive 

 Anything in excess is not good, the same applies to cannabis. The data shows that about 10 percent of those who use cannabis become addicted. These numbers are higher in adolescents. So, it is wrong to say that it is not addictive.

Negative Health Effects 

There is some substantial evidence that shows marijuana is harmful to the respiratory system. Additionally, harmful effects are associated with other systems too, which includes the reproductive, gastrointestinal, and immunological system. Some studies show it impacts sleep too.

Effect On weight

 A 2014 study examined the effects of cannabis on weight. Their research revealed that individuals who regularly use larger quantities of the drug (e.g., smoking joints) did take in more calories than individuals who smoked less or not at all.

 Risk Factor-Age

Right now we don’t know how exactly marijuana produces specific harmful effects, there are clear risk factors that can increase people’s likelihood of experiencing them. The clearest risk factor is age. In people younger than 25, cannabinoid receptors are more concentrated in the white matter than in people over 25.

 The white matter is involved in communication, learning, memory, and emotions. Frequent cannabis use can disrupt the development of white matter tracts, and also affect the brain’s ability to grow new connections. This may damage long-term learning ability and problem-solving. For now, it’s unclear how severe this damage can be or whether it’s reversible. And even among young people, the risk, is higher the younger someone is much higher for a 15-year-old than a 22-year-old, for instance.


 Cannabis can also cause hallucinations or paranoid delusions known as marijuana-induced psychosis, these symptoms usually subside when a person stops using it. But in rare cases, psychosis does not subside, instead of unmasking a psychotic disorder.

Marijuana Is Unhealthy

It needs to remain to keep harm at a minimum. While marijuana addiction is more psychological than physical, it is still a real problem. The demand for treatment for marijuana addiction has more than doubled in the past decade alone. Some studies showed that marijuana use alters teenagers’ brains, and decreases
their intelligence.

Overall research shows that taking any drugs while the brain is still in development is bad for you.



Have you ever thought about how the situation will be different if cannabis legalized? If not, think now how it can change the medical field because of its benefits. But what about the negative impacts of legalization we just read. There are researches going on as we are still unaware of marijuana’s effects on the human’s body and brain. Crime related to cannabis can either increase or decrease depending on the decision of legalization or non- legalization.


You have to analyze and then come to a final decision on whether cannabis should be legalized or not. Let us know about your thoughts and decision in the comment section below.


Hi everyone, I'm pursuing higher education right now. I wish to enlighten the world with the importance of humanity and the bond we share with each other.

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