From this above quote, we can understand the importance of education in our life. Education has the power to change our whole perspective towards life. Education makes one critical and logical at the same time. Education is the way one can turn information into knowledge. Data shows that most developed countries have a high literacy rate
Gandhi Ji also emphasized the vitality of education and strongly believed that education is closely associated with the socio-economic development of the society. You must be thinking why I am emphasizing the importance of education, And the reason is our New National Education Policy and how revolutionary it is. So what is this policy? What new changes does it bring? Are new changes good or bad? What is the reality of the National Education Policy 2020? Challenges will occur while implementation of policy? We will know all of this in this blog.

What is in new national education policy 2020? 

On May 31, 2019, Dr. K. Kasturirangan committee submitted its report on New National Education Policy, which was approved by Union Cabinet on July 29, 2020. Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) renamed as Education Ministry. This new education policy is totally different from its prior policies. Simply we can say it is a thoroughgoing policy which has come with lots of opportunities and possibilities for children (future of the nation) and teachers(who shape the future of children). Here are some highlights of NEP 2020: 

For Students

  • Right to education (free and compulsory education) will be given to every child in the age group of 3 to 18 years old by 2030, 
  • Schooling years will be 15, which is further divided into 4 phases.
  • 5+3+3+4 (academic years) will be the new pedagogical and curricular structure.
                               national education policy
  • The First 5 years will lay the foundation of learning which will make sure that every child in India has attained foundational literacy and literacy by 2025.
  • Lessen the dropout rates by 2030 with a 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio in preschool to secondary levels.
  • Highly focus on vocational studies so that every student can get skillful knowledge of their subjects.
  • School internship is also a new concept, which is added in NEP 2020. And also help them to learn things from professionals.
  • Now students can choose subjects of their choice.
  • School curriculum will be restructured which will help students to think and learn logically and rote learning will be minimized.
  • A new method of assessment will be introduced in which students can self-assess or evaluate themselves.
  • A holistic and experimental based study will be encouraged.
  • The government will spend 6% of GDP on education.
  • Students can learn in their mother tongue or regional language till 5th grade or preferably till 8th grade and beyond.

For Higher Education 

  • The new aim is by 2030, almost all higher education institutions (HEI) shall become Multidisciplinary.
  • Undergraduate Students now will get the option of multiple entry-exit, for instance, if someone has to drop the college due to financial issues or lack of interest of subjects., now they can get a certificate after completing 1-year, diploma after 2-year study, degree after 3-year programme and bachelors research degree after 4-year holistic study.
  • To securing the credits of students an Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) will be established. So that students can use their prior credits in different programs if he/she drops in between the course and choose another one.
  • NEP 2020 has terminated M.Phill. Programme.
  • New National Education Policy 2020 also allows the world’s top 100 universities to open their campuses in India.

 For Teachers 

  • To ensure that every teacher is well skilled and equipped with the knowledge of new technology, a 4-year integrated B.Ed programme has been introduced.
  • A National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) Will be developed by NCERT for children up to the age of 8.
  • To monitoring the assessment system of education, A new national assessment centre, PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic development) will be set up as a standard-setting body.
  • By 2023, Teachers to be prepared for assessment reforms.
  • Under Continuous Professional Development (CPD), each teacher will be trained every year for more professional development, so they can catch up with new updates and pedagogies of subjects.
  • For uninterrupted Teacher Recruitment, A Common National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will be developed by the National Council for Teacher Education by 2020.

Good and positive changes in NEP 2020

  • New National Education Policy 2020 has brought many possibilities for everyone, students will acquire new skills from professionals and experience holders.
  • Students will get the chance to explore the world around them. Through internship programs students will get the chance to visit forests and there, they will gain an understanding of tribal life and learn how and why one should treat everyone equally. 
This holistic learning approach will bring empathy and honesty, and it will also develop logical thinking in students, and which will help them to find solutions in difficult and different situations. As Nelson Mandela once said “A good head and good heart are always a formidable combination. But when you add to that a literate tongue or pen, then you have something very special.” 
  • Self-assessment will prepare pupils to improvise from their previous mistakes.
  • New education policy also brings professionalism in teachers. 
  • New pedagogical methods and syllabus will bring excitement and positive spirit in teachers. Because changes make everything alive and fresh. If the water of the river stops flowing, then the same freshwater becomes stagnant, so do any profession. Change is an absolute must.
  • Many job vacancies will come because about 2-crore, out of school children will be brought back into the mainstream under NEP 2020.
  • 6% of GDP, will also be a positive sign, which shows NEP 2020 will invest funds on educational development. And the more money spends on education, the more chances are for a brighter future. But here the question arises how is the government going to implement this?

Reality check or challenges 

  • First, according to some parties new National Education Policy 2020 seems more theoretical less practical because there is no clarification given in draft that how it will be implemented.
  • The second challenge is child labour in India. As per census 2011, the total number of the child population in India in the age group 5 to 14 years is 259.6 million. Of these, 10.1 million (3.9%of total child population) are working, either as the main worker or as a marginal worker. More than 42.7 million children are out of school. To bring back to children in school government need to root out child labour from India. 
  • Last but not the least, Hunger, poverty, lack of awareness of menstruation in many areas, and less access to sanitary pads which causes school dropouts in girls, human trafficking, illiteracy, and the gap between poor and rich and several other issues will going to challenge the NEP 2020. 
So it will be an interesting and difficult task at the same time for the government. But can hope for the best. Same as Mandy Hale once said, “Change is painful, but nothing is as painful staying stuck somewhere you don’t belong”.Change is the first step towards growth And big changes never come without pain and never achieved overnight. 
Even if, it implements half or more, still it can be fruitful for everyone. And overall we can say that the new National Education Policy 2020 can be a ‘game-changer’ if implemented well. So in my personal opinion, it is a good policy, what you think please let us know in the comment section below. Hope you enjoyed the post…..Thank you for reading.

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